Pollaiuolo Hercules

Antonio del Pollaiuolo
Antonio del Pollaiuolo


Throughout Italian Renaissance, the Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith Antonio del Pollaiuolo was also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiuolo.

The artist Pollaiuolo. The painter Pollaiuolo. The sculptor Pollaiuolo. Hercules the hero. Hercules the champion. Pollaiuolo's ability to represent physical and emotional stress is magnificent. Movement and under conditions of strain are brilliantly captured by Pollaiuolo. Hercules is shown engaged in combat. Antaeus the giant is shown battling Hercules. Pollaiuolo captures Hercules in movement. Hercules is shown using a vice-like grip, showing conditions of strain.

Hercules found Antaeus was renewed by contact with the earth. His mother Gaia was refreshing him. Hercules had to hold him off the ground while squeezing him.

Pollaiuolo was born in Florence where he and his brother, Piero also, an artist, worked together. Their work shows both classical influences and an interest in human anatomy; the brothers have reportedly dissected their knowledge of the topic. They named themselves as their father's business, who actually sold poultry (pollaio meaning "hen coop" in Italian). Antonio's first studies were under his father or Andrea del Castagna, who probably taught him painting as well, in gold-smithing and metallurgy. Other sources showed that he worked in the Bartoluccio di Michele workshop in Florence, where Lorenzo Ghiberti also received his training.  

Some paintings by Pollaiuolo are brutal and can be seen in the portrayal of Saint Sebastian, which he painted for a chapel of the Pucci SS in 1473–75. Florence's Annunziata. However, his portraits, as was normally the case at the end of the 15th century, show composure and thorough attention to detail.  

As a sculptor and metalworker, he achieved his greatest successes. Some have attributed the fifteenth-century addition to an existing bronze sculpture by the ancient Roman legendary wolf who nursed them, the infant twins Romulus and Remus, to the old roman mythological she-wolf who nursed them.  

Only one surviving engraving, the Battle of the Nudist, was produced, but it took the Italian print to its size and sophistication, remaining one of the Renaissance's most renowned prints.  

Antonio made his residency in Rome in 1484 and executed the grave of Papal Sixtus IV in St. Peter's Museum, now completed in 1493, in which he could summon the figure's anatomical characteristics of the quality of his exaggeration. In 1496, he traveled to Florence to finish the work already started in Santo Spirito's sacristy. He died as a rich man at Rome, after having completed his mausoleum in St. Peter's by Papal Innocent VIII, and was buried in St. Peter's church in Vincoli, where a monument stood before him near his brother.

References

By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0

 
Antonio del pollaiuolo Art History - YouTube Video

 
Leonardo da Vinci, Master Draftsman, exhibition catalog fully online as PDF from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Antonio del Pollaiolo

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - Web Gallery of Art:   Image  Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15441714

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - Web Gallery of Art:   Image  Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15499983

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - 8AEOTC1DwCpqNQ at Google Cultural Institute, zoom level maximum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13511409

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - Aldo Galli, I Pollaiolo, collana "Galleria delle arti" n.7, Milano, 5 Continents Editions, 2005, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9965572

By Piero del Pollaiolo - Originally from en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2303611

By Piero del Pollaiolo - Corel Professional Photos CD-ROM, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10333855

By I, Sailko, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6704587

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - Public Domain, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19864132

By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18776213

By Torvindus - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=847517

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/p/pollaiol/antonio/sculptur/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6809014

By Sailko - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28945903
 

By Antonio del Pollaiolo - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain

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