Why Were The Pyramids At Giza Built

Pyramids
Giza Necropolis Pyramids

The Giza Pyramid Plateau is situated on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt, looking directly from west to east.

The great pyramid at Giza was built as a tomb for king Khufu. The construction of Pyramids for a tomb is the most widely accepted understanding. All of Giza's pyramids were built from about 2550 to 2490 B.C. The Great Pyramid, the largest and oldest of the three, was Khufu's.

The Giza Pyramid Complex, also known as the Giza necropolis, is the site of Giza in Greater Cairo and includes Giza, Khafre pyramid, and Menkaure pyramid, alongside their associated pyramid complexes and Giza's Grand Sphinx. The Giza pyramid complex is situated on the Giza Plateau. All have been built in ancient Egypt's Fourth Dynasty. There are also several cemeteries and rests of a village for workers.  

The location is on the edges of the West Wilderness, about 9 km west of the Nile River in Giza City, and around 13 km southwest of the center of Cairo.  

In ancient Egypt, the Grand Pyramid and Khafre Pyramid are the biggest pyramids and historical emblems in the imagination of Western Egypt. The Great Pyramid is listed by Antipater of Sidon as a Seven Wonders of the World in Hellenistic times. Their popularity was great. It is by far the oldest and only still existing of the Ancient Wonders.  

The pyramid complex of Giza consists of the Great Pyramid (also known as the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu and built around 2580 – around 2560BC); the slightly smaller Khafre Pyramid (or Chephren Pyramid) some hundred meters south-west and the relatively modest Menkaure Pyramid, some hundred meters south-west. On the eastern side of the resort lies the Great Sphinx. Giza's Great sphinx is a calcareous statue, commonly known as the sphinx of Giza or only the sphinx. A a mythical creature with a lion body and a man's face. Currently, Egyptologists agree that Khafre's head is the Great Sphinx. A number of smaller buildings, called "queens" pyramids, docks, and valley pyramids, along with these major monuments are also known.  

Who is buried in Giza pyramids?  

Khufu
The Statue of Khufu in the Cairo Museum

The Pyramidal complex of Khufu consists of a temple of the valley now buried under the village of Nazlet al-Samman; paving of diabase and nummular calcareous walled areas were found, but the site was not excavated. The Valley Temple was connected to a major road that, when the village was built, was largely destroyed. The route led to the Khufu Mortuary Temple. The only thing left of this temple is the basalt floor. The Temple was linked to the pyramid of the king. The pyramid of the King finished in 2560 BC, consists of three smaller queen's pyramids and three boat pits. There was a ship on the boat pits and when excavated, there were still uncontaminated ships at both pits on the south side of the pyramid. The Khufu ship, one of the ships, was reconstructed and is being displayed in the Boat Museum in Giza Solar. The pyramid of Khufu is still limited in number in its base. These box stones have been made from the nearby white chalk.  

Alabaster statue of Khafra
Alabaster statue of Khafra, probably from Memphis, now in the Egyptian Museum at Cairo
 

The pyramid of Khafre is composed of a Temple of the valley, a Temple for Sphinx, a Foothill Temple, and the Pyramid of the King. Several statues of Khafre came from the valley temple. In 1860, Mariette found several in a well in the ground of the temple. Others were found by Sieglin (1909–10), Junker, Reisner, and Hassan during successive excavations. The pyramid at Khafre, which was completed by 2570 B.C., appears larger than that of the adjacent Khufu Pyramid due to its higher position and steeper inclination of the building, and the subsidiary pyramid of the serdab. Indeed, height and volume are both smaller. A prominent display of case stones at the apex of Khafre's pyramid.  

Menkaure
Greywacke statue of Menkaure
 

The pyramid complex in Menkaure is made up of a temple, a moat, a mortuary temple, and a pyramid of the king. Once upon a time, the valley temple had several Menkaure statues. A smaller ante-temple was added to the temple during the 5th Dynasty. Several statues of Menkaure were given in the mortuary temple. The pyramid of the king was finished. 2510 BC has three affiliates or pyramids of the Queen. Of the four main monuments, the pyramid of Menkaure alone without its original polished calcareous casing is seen today.  

Sphinx
Great Sphinx of Giza
 

The Sphinx dates back to King Khafre's reign. The new temple was dedicated to Hauron-Haremakhet by Amenhotep II during the new Kingdom, and later rulers added this structure.  

Queen Khentkaus
Queen Khentkaus
 

Her grave is called LG 100 and G 8400, located in a Central Field near the Menkaure Valley Temple. Queen Khentkaus' pyramid complex contains a pyramid, a boat pit, a temple in the valley, and a town with a pyramid.  

Who built the Giza Necropolis?  

The idea that the pyramids were made by moving enormous stones from a quarry and dragging and heightening them is the basis of most construction theories. The discrepancies focus on the way the stones are transmitted and placed and what the method is possible.  

The architects could have developed their techniques over time in the construction of the pyramids. They would choose to build a site on relatively flat ground, not sand the foundation is stable. Once the site has been scrutinized carefully, the pyramids have been built on horizontal levels, one on top of the other.  

The Grand Pyramid appears to have carved most of the stone for the interior just to the south of the building. The pyramid has a smooth outside comprising a fine white calcareous grade that crosses the Nile. The external blocks had to be carefully cut, carried to Giza via a river barge, and ramps had to be carried to the building site. At the bottom of the Great Pyramid, there are only a few outer blocks. The rest of the population could have taken away in building projects in Cairo city during the Middle Ages (5th to 15th century).  

The outside box stones had to be equal in height and width in order for the pyramid to remain symmetrical. The workers may have marked all the blocks for the angle of the pyramid wall and carefully cut the surfaces to fit the blocks. The exterior surface of the stone was smooth during construction, with an excess of stone eroding.  

Why is the Giza Necropolis important?  

The pyramids of Giza and others were designed to house the rest of the pharaohs who had gained control of Ancient Egypt. A part of the Pharaoh's spirit, called his ka, was believed to stay with his body. The "former Pharaoh" needed proper care for the remains to carry out his new duties as king of the dead." They have theorized the pyramid not only as the tomb of the pharaoh, but also as a storage site for several items in his afterlife. The embalmed King's body was buried under or inside the pyramid in order to protect it, allow its transformation, his ascent to the afterlife. The body of the king, embalmed, was buried, the king's body was buried under and in order for it to be protected.
 

References


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Great Pyramids of Giza in Egypt

 
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